The Pure Spanish Horse (also called Spanish Andalusian) was unified like a breed in the sixteenth century (between 1567 and 1593) with the Spanish King Felipe II who formally established the standards for that breed which we recognize today as the Pure Spanish Horse. During these years King Felipe II made a decision to provide life the universally idealized horse which was such a long time pictured ever, in bronze, in paintings. He viewed the fundamental horse bred in Spain, selected the best of those examples which came nearest to the idealized animal he desired, and directed that the idealized horse be manufactured.
There are two additional characteristics unique for the Carthusian strain, considered to trace back on the strain’s foundation stallion Esclavo. The first is warts beneath the tail, a trait which Esclavo passed to his offspring, plus a trait which some breeders felt was necessary to prove which a horse was a person in the Esclavo bloodline. The second characteristic is the occasional presence of “horns”, which are frontal bosses, possibly inherited from Asian ancestors. The physical descriptions of the bosses vary, including calcium-like deposits on the temple to small horn-like protuberances near or behind the ear. However, these “horns” aren’t considered proof Esclavo descent, unlike the tail warts.
By 1500, Spanish horses were established in studs on Santo Domingo, and Spanish horses made their way into the ancestry of countless breeds founded in North and South America. Many Spanish explorers from the 16th century on brought Spanish horses with these to use as war horses and later as breeding stock.
The Andalusian came from and gained its name from the Spanish Province of Andalusia. Its ancestors will be the Iberian (Spanish) horse and the Barb horse that has been exposed to Spain by invading Moors. It was bred principally by Carthusian Monks inside late Middle Ages. The famed William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle, wrote: “…the Spanish horse will be the noblest animal in the world…” Cortes brought Andalusians to America for his conquests.
There are nearly 3,000 Andalusian horses inside the United States. The Andalusian is amongst the rarest breeds inside the United States. Nearly half the Andalusian inhabitants are in California (900) and Texas (450). The other 48 states tight on than 100 Andalusians each. This is why many Americans haven’t seen an Andalusian. The andalusian is rare with the United States, but worldwide. There are under 20,000 Andalusians within the entire world.